What is Snoring?
Snoring sounded an acoustic phenomenon that takes place during sleep because of the vibration of the nasal-oral structures. Snoring can be very annoying to the bed partner, as they can keep you from sleeping.
As OSAS manifests itself quite differently in children than in adults, we will stick to OSAS in adults on this page and make a new chapter for OSAS in children.
During sleep, these dilator muscles of the pharynx are less active, and the throat tends to close each time we breathe.
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When the narrowness of the throat reaches a certain degree, the passage of air creates turbulence and produces audible vibrations: snoring. If the bias is even greater, a more significant blockade occurs, which prevents the passage of air: apneas. If the apnea is prolonged, the struggle to breathe ends up waking the patient. Apnea usually ends with loud snoring or a startle. This awakening allows the throat dilator muscles to reopen the pharynx and breathe again, but the person sleeps so quickly that they do not remember these awakenings.
In OSAS, these cycles of sleep-apnea-awake-sleep-apnea are continually repeated. During sleep, apneas (and hypopneas, partial interruptions of breathing) produce a decrease in oxygenation of the blood and greatly disrupt sleep, providing poor quality sleep and poor repair. In severe cases, the patient with OSAS has a very restless sleep, does not stop moving and sweat profusely for no apparent reason. In the mornings, they complain that they have slept but not hand-rescued.
Some people wake up afraid during an apnea, with a feeling of suffocation, although this sensation not lasts more than a few seconds.
It is very common also that when he observes apneas, the bed partner shakes the patient with OSAS for fear of “staying.”
Patients with OSA have poor sleep quality and tend to experience daytime sleepiness.
What are the causes of OSA?
The primary reason that predisposes to this problem is to have a narrower throat than normal. This condition does not cause problems with swallowing or breathing when awake. There are additional important factors that further tighten the throat: obesity, which in men conditions fatty deposits in the neck, narrowing the throat, as well as smoking and drinking. There are causes impossible to avoid, such as hereditary factors – some families have the most restricted throat – or age (the throat grows narrower over the years).
Alcohol relaxes the dilator muscles of the pharynx, making it worse snoring and apneas.
Here you can see some of the best snoring cures
What causes snoring?
• In children, snoring is usually due to adenoids (vegetations) or large tonsils (angina).
• A small jaw (micrognathia and retrognathia), causes the tongue to move backward, facilitating obstruction.
• Turbine hypertrophy, nasal allergies, adenoids (vegetation), and nasal tumors can also limit the passage of air through the nose and assist snoring.
• Obesity is a major factor. The fat deposit in the neck narrows the throat.
Watch here an educational video on Obstructive Sleep Apnea